Following the fire at the Remondis plant in Prescot on Sunday, 4 December 2016, residents have had a number of questions and concerns about the impact on the local environment.
All the agencies involved – Remondis, the Environment Agency, Merseyside Fire & Rescue Service, Health and Safety Executive, Knowsley Council, Public Health England, NHS England – have come together to answer your questions.
Update: 8 May 2017
Are there any further updates on the Remondis fire?
A multi-agency debrief took place on 24 February 2017 to review the response by the emergency services and key partner agencies to the fire at the Remondis Waste Transfer Station.
Such debriefs are common following large scale incidents that require a multi-agency response and are carried out in accordance with the Civil Contingencies Act 2004. The debrief process is intended to identify any lessons that partners can learn from the incident with a view to improving the multi-agency response to future incidents.
The debrief was led by the Merseyside Resilience Forum Business Manager with contributions from Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service (MFRS), Merseyside Police, North West Ambulance Service (NWAS), Knowsley Council, Environment Agency, Health and Safety Executive, NHS England, Public Health England, Liverpool City Council, and Liverpool Community Health.
The debrief report, which identifies areas that worked well as well as areas for improvement, can be read here.
What was stored at the site, and which of those materials were burned in the fire?
Remondis holds an Environmental Permit (permit number UP3134HY) for the treatment, storage, transfer and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste. The Environmental Permit is issued and regulated by the Environment Agency, and full details of the Permit for the site can be found on the Environment Agency’s website (by searching Public Registers).
Remondis is required to keep an inventory of materials stored at the site. The Environment Agency is currently arranging for the inventory to be reviewed.
The Environment Agency are waiting for the site and building to be confirmed safe in order to investigate and determine how the fire started and which materials were burnt.
The Permit enables activities at the site to recover materials for re-use or recycling. The waste handled is permitted to be from both commercial and industrial sources and is categorised as both hazardous and non-hazardous.
What is the known environmental impact?
Environment Agency officers have visited the area every day to assess the impact of the fire. All of the water used to tackle the fire has been contained onsite. The Environment Agency has monitored Prescot Brook and has identified no environmental impact on the watercourse.
At the height of the fire, there was a significant plume of smoke. It rose high into the air and, due to the prevailing weather conditions, did not touch ground at any stage. It was blown away by the prevailing wind and dissipated over the Mersey estuary. As a result of this dispersal, there was no public health risk from the plume. The weather conditions and the dispersal of the plume were monitored throughout the incident.
Apart from the plume, there was also a deterioration in air quality nearer the ground and in the immediate vicinity of the site. The air quality was impaired by the effects of water and carbon given off as a result of the efforts to tackle the fire. Advice was given to local residents to stay indoors and keep windows and doors closed until the situation improved. This is standard advice in cases of significant fires.
Air quality monitoring has been carried out following the fire. The interim results do not indicate any cause for ongoing concern for local residents.
Are there any risks to my health?
As is the case for any fire, Public Health England advised residents to keep their doors and windows closed and to avoid prolonged spells outdoors. People with asthma were advised to use their inhalers and/or other relevant medication. This advice was given due to the deterioration in air quality as a result of the efforts to tackle the fire, and not because of any public health risk associated with hazardous waste.
Dr Sam Ghebrehewet, a Consultant in Health Protection with PHE North West, Cheshire and Merseyside Health Protection Team, said: “It’s important that local residents understand that the risks to their health are low. However, smoke is an irritant so it can make people’s eyes and throat sore. It may also worsen any breathing or heart conditions they have. Short-term exposure is unlikely to cause any health concerns in otherwise healthy individuals; we would not consider that there would be any long-term health impacts associated with exposure to the plume.”
In summary, Public Health England advice continues to be:-
- You should minimise contact with smoke.
- If your eyes are sore, bathe them in cold tap water until they feel comfortable.
- If you suffer from asthma and the smoke triggers an asthma attack, use the inhaler you usually use to relieve the attack, and call NHS 111 for advice. If this does not seem to be working or if the attack gets worse, call your GP.
- For any other medical problems, call NHS 111 or your GP.
- When driving through any smoke, close windows and air vents, use your headlights, slow down, and drive with care.
- Once smoke has cleared in your home open doors and windows to ventilate the building.
Some residents reported a bad smell in the air – what does this mean?
There was a deterioration in air quality in the immediate vicinity of the site. The air quality was impaired by the effects of water and carbon given off as a result of the efforts to tackle the fire. This resulted in the odour experienced by residents.
Is there asbestos at the site?
There was no asbestos at the site. A section of asbestos roofing had been replaced in the past as part of the conditions attached to the planning approval for the site.
There have been reports of debris in the area surrounding the fire. Is it dangerous?
Public Health England has advised that there is the potential for ash and debris from the Carr Lane incident. It is advisable for members of the public to minimise their exposure to the ash and debris but if they do get this on their cars or other hard surfaces, it can be damped down or washed off.
The ash and debris is unlikely to be associated with the plume, which rose high into the air and dissipated some distance away from the Carr Lane site.
Remondis has been working to manage and mitigate the impact on the local community and environment. Over the past weekend, Remondis has provided vehicles in the Carr Lane area to support the clean-up operations. A team is continuing to operate in the area to clear up any fire-related debris.
Who is responsible for operating the site?
Remondis UK are the owners and responsible operator of the site. The Environmental Permit for the site is managed by the Environment Agency.
Who is responsible for regulating the site?
The Environment Agency regulates the site under the Environmental Permitting (England & Wales) Regulations 2010. The Agency is responsible for regulating the site to ensure the operator is compliant with the conditions of their Environmental Permit. Information in the Permit includes conditions regarding the types and quantities of waste and emissions to the environment such as water, dust, noise and odour.
The law on health and safety at work in Great Britain is regulated by the Health and Safety Executive and local authorities according to the circumstances of each site. In the case of Remondis, the Health and Safety Executive is the enforcing authority.
Knowsley Council is only responsible for the enforcement of planning law in relation to breaches of planning control. This includes ensuring that operators of new buildings follow the approved plans, and that the operators comply with any conditions imposed (such as materials used for the building, and the timing of construction activities).
Why wasn’t I notified given I live so close to the fire?
The emergency services managed the immediate response to the fire and did not declare it as a major incident. There was no need to evacuate residents from their homes. To ensure residents were updated with timely and accurate messages, agencies such as the Council and Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service, communicated updates from the scene via social media channels and the local media, including use of radio stations and local newspapers. The Environment Agency also tweeted during the incident to provide information.
On 20 December 2016, the Liverpool Echo published photos of two containers by the Remondis entrance on Carr Lane displaying a message ‘serious risk to eyes’. What are the containers and why were they there?
The containers are firefighting foam and they belong to Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service which were being used as part of their operation to put out the fire. They have now been collected by Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service and did not pose any health and safety risk to the public.
What will happen next?
Demolition work is ongoing and a thorough investigation has begun to identify the cause of the fire and any further action that needs to be taken.
If Remondis want to rebuild, would they need to get planning permission?
Yes, if Remondis were wanting to rebuild the facility, they would need to submit a new planning application, including the necessary technical evidence. However, it is too early to say what their plans are.
Is there someone I can talk to if I have further concerns?
Remondis UK understands there may be concern regarding the impact resulting from the incident to the local environment and residents. Anyone with any concerns relating to the above should contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
This page will be updated to reflect any further updates as the days progress.